Recruitment and selection are two essential processes for any organization. And although many people use these terms interchangeably, they’re not the same. Recruitment aims to attract a pool of eligible candidates, while selection focuses on choosing the best candidate from the pool for a particular job.
Both recruitment and selection play a crucial role in determining a company’s future, as the quality of the employees hired will directly impact the organization’s productivity and success. Unfortunately, about 73% of recruiters find it difficult to search for skilled candidates.
Another report indicates that, on average, 118 candidates apply for one open job position, of whom only 20% are interviewed. However, selecting that 20% isn’t as easy. You must consider many factors, including skills, experience, cultural fit, etc.
And that’s what we’ll discuss today. We will talk about recruitment and selection definition and the difference between recruitment and selection. Let’s get started!
What is the Recruitment Process?
The recruitment process refers to the series of activities that organizations conduct to fill a vacant position. It begins with companies defining what kind of candidates they are looking for and encouraging them to apply.
However, when we go into the details, the entire recruitment process or recruitment life cycle typically includes
- Job analysis
- Job posting
- Sourcing and screening candidates
- Conducting interviews
- Making job offers
- Onboarding employees
The goal of recruitment is to help find the perfect match per the job requirements, culture fit and overall compatibility. Depending on the organization’s practices, it may involve background checks, reference checks, and assessments (skills and personality tests).
Note: Effective recruitment processes help organizations hire quality employees and build a diverse, engaged workforce.
Let’s understand the objectives of recruitment in detail.
What Are the Objectives of Recruitment?
The objectives of the recruitment process vary from organization to organization. However, the most common ones are
- Attract qualified job applicants
- Create a talent pool of candidates
- Identify and hire the best candidates for the organization
- Ensure a diverse and inclusive workforce
- Speed up the hiring process while minimizing costs
- Enhance the company’s employer brand and reputation
- Evaluate the effectiveness of various recruitment strategies and improve accordingly
Remember that your entire recruitment process should include strategies aligned with your objectives. For instance, to ensure a diverse and inclusive workforce, you must first analyze the current workforce to determine the kind of people you should hire.
What Activities Are Involved in Employee Recruitment?
As mentioned above, your recruitment objectives should guide your process. However, here are the general activities that HR managers perform when hiring employees.
Job analysis and description
Craft an effective job description highlighting the day-to-day tasks, skills, and experience required for the position. You can also consider mentioning the pay range for the role. This will help attract only interested candidates.
Find potential employees through various channels, including job boards, employee referrals, campus recruitment, and social media recruiting.
Screen and shortlist
Review resumes and applications to determine which candidates fit the job. This will help remove unsuitable candidates from the list.
Conduct face-to-face or virtual meetings to assess a candidate’s qualifications, skills, and fit with the company culture.
Negotiation and offer
Once you have chosen a candidate(s), it’s time to negotiate the offer. Decide with the stakeholders how much you’re ready to pay the candidate and negotiate accordingly. After they accept the offer, send an official employment letter with all the details.
This is the last step, where you add the employees to the organization. You must then provide orientation and training to help them comprehend how things work in your company.
To maintain and improve your employer brand, you must create an overall positive process. Every stage should be engaging and positive for candidates, regardless of whether they’re hired.
What is the Selection Process?
The selection process refers to the steps that HR professionals take to identify the best candidate for an open position. It includes reviewing resumes, conducting interviews, conducting reference checks, and assessing skills, abilities, and qualifications.
This process helps companies differentiate between the most suitable candidate and unqualified applicants. Shortlisted candidates are then invited for further screening (via interviews and technical assessments).
What Are the Objectives of Selection?
As mentioned above, the selection process helps identify the most suitable candidate for a vacant position. Additionally, it also helps companies,
- Determine the most suitable candidate(s) for the job based on custom criteria.
- Ensure that the organization complies with equal employment opportunity and anti-discrimination laws.
- Reduce attrition rates and the costs associated with recruitment.
- Promote fairness and consistency while eliminating bias in the hiring process.
- Ensure a positive candidate experience to enhance the organization’s employer brand.
In short, selection enables you to find the best candidates for current and future openings in the organization. This reduces the time to hire while improving the quality.
What Is the Difference Between Recruitment and Selection?
Let’s understand the difference between recruitment and selection in detail.
Recruitment focuses on attracting candidates and building a pool of applicants via internal and external recruitment strategies. On the other hand, selection helps you differentiate between qualified and unqualified applicants.
Another difference between the recruitment and selection process is that the former only helps you communicate the vacancies. This means no contractual relationship is set. However, selection involves the creation of a contractual relationship between the employer and the employee.
Recruiting Vs. Selection: Know the Difference
There are many differences between recruitment and hiring. Understanding the difference between recruitment and selection is critical to making informed decisions. One helps you find potential talent for your organization while another helps you handpick from that list. And both contribute to the business’s bottom line equally.
Now that you have a basic understanding of how the recruitment and selection processes differ, let’s distinguish between recruitment and selection via a table.
|Searching candidates for an open role in the organization
|Shortlisting the best candidates for the vacant position
|Advertise the open position to attract applicants
|Choose and onboard the best candidate
|Encourage more candidates to apply for the role
|Reject unsuitable candidates and find a perfect match
|Positive as it promotes applying for a job at your company
|Negative as it involves rejecting people (who are not the right fit)
|Contractual relation isn’t established
|Contractual relation exists
|Less time-consuming and is usually a short process
|Lengthy process and is time-consuming
|Begins with identifying a hiring need and ends with filling the position
|Only involves choosing the best candidates from the talent pool
|You notify about the vacancies via multiple channels, including job boards, emails, social media, etc.
|Candidates must pass through several stages (e.g., tests, interviews, negotiation, etc.)
Both the recruitment and selection processes are critical for any organization. They’re equally important, and human resource managers must create a robust strategy for both recruitment and selection. If not, they will end up with a large pool of candidates not qualified for the advertised role.
And while you’re at it, don’t forget to check out the market’s top recruitment tool for HR teams for advanced and efficient hiring.
Rohit is a seasoned writer with expertise in digital marketing, customer experience, and the SaaS niche. His specialization lies in writing easy-to-understand, jargon-free content that sticks readers to the screen. When he is not writing, he is either reading blogs by industry experts, playing with his dog, or binge-watching the latest web series.